– The term sustainable development was coined in the paper Our Common Future, released by the Brundtland Commission. “Sustainable development is the kind of development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”- Oxford University Press in 1987
Architect Willem Mc Donough and Dr. Michael Baumgart ( Cradle to Cradle) prepared in 1992 the design principles according to the Expo in Hannover in 2000 , the World’s Fair “Humankind, Nature and Technology
Four of the nine principles :
– Accept responsibility for the consequences of design decisions upon human well-being, the viability of natural systems and their right to co-exist.
– Create safe objects of long-term value. Do not burden future generations with requirements for maintenance or vigilant administration of potential danger due to the careless creation of products, processes or standards.
– Eliminate the concept of waste. Evaluate and optimize the full life-cycle of products and processes, to approach the state of natural systems, in which there is no waste.
– Understand the limitations of design. No human creation lasts forever and design does not solve all problems. Those who create and plan should practice humility in the face of nature. Treat nature as a model and mentor, not as an inconvenience to be evaded or controlled